Flamenco is Spanish, from mainland Spain—in fact, one small part of Spain: Andalucia. The Spanish Gypsy people were key to flamenco development, but it is now believed that they weren’t its sole creators (that it was an art form that grew out of the mix of cultures living in Andalusia over a number of centuries). These migrants brought with them musical instruments, such as tambourines, bells, and wooden castanets, and an extensive repertoire of songs and dances. There are still very few who, in a and planned form, come to Andalucia to enjoy the flamenco tourism. A prime example of the fanatical fantasy of flamenco can be seen in Prosper Mérimée’s Carmen (1845). Each palo has a distinct set of musical features in terms of rhythm, mode and lyrics. The cante chico, which is generally simpler in rhythm than the other two forms, also requires considerable technical skill but much less emotional investment, dealing as it usually does with humour and subjects of love, the countryside, and gaiety. skinny, grandma). Flamenco consists of a flamboyant dance accompanied by guitar music and song (It has been referred to as the soul of Spain and, like bullfighting, is an essential part of the country’s culture and traditions. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, flamenco - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Flamenco guitars, while similar in looks to standard classical guitars, are built for a specific style of music. It is our intention that those who wish to know flamenco in Andalucia by tourism, find in this site, ordered and varied references that help you know by a incipient form, of the great cultural and festive treasure, that flamenco supposes. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Here’s an illustrative and easy-to-follow flamenco palo tree: Like any concert, a flamenco performance is made up of a sequence of songs. The golden age of flamenco is usually considered to be the period between roughly 1780 and 1845. Flamenco is a style of entertainment with song, music and dance. You will see flamenco danced in South America, in the same way you'll see it danced in the US, Europe and Australia—as a modern import. What you need to know about flamenco guitar, Donkeys, Lightning and Piranhas — Nicknames in Flamenco, Flamenco compás — and why it’s the key to understanding flamenco, Best-Rated Private Flamenco Tours in Madrid. Flamenco is an art form comprising of songs, dances, and instrumental music associated with southern Spain. It’s not only dance or a song you can learn, but you must also feel it with your soul. (There, the Roma people are called Gitanos.) Other forms, such as the fandangos grandes, were adopted from Spanish folk song and dance, the fandangos becoming more serious in character than the original and begetting a series of descendants that includes the malagueñas and the Arab-influenced cartageneras. The cante hondo are directly related to the cante flamenco, and the latter may be considered the general rubric of classification. After the mid-19th century, flamenco song was usually accompanied by guitar music and a palo seco (Spanish: “dry stick,” a stick that was beat on the floor to keep time) and a dancer performing a series of choreographed dance steps and improvised styles. This timely attempt to prevent the further debasement of an authentic folk art effectively promoted flamenco to a sophisticated urban public and helped to further the thoughtful development of the art within a modern context. Flamenco makes feelings flow. Flamenco is a Spanish art form typical of Andalucía, the southern region of Spain, made up of 3 elements: song (cante), dance (baile) and music (toque). Although these commercial interests afforded a living for many performers for the first time, they also brought about what many considered a bastardization of an authentic indigenous art form. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Flamenco songs fall into three categories: cante jondo (“profound song,” or “deep song”), cante intermedio (“intermediate song,” also called cante flamenco), and cante chico (“light song”). Flamenco is folk music from Spain. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. That’s a big question. The Spanish word flamenco means “Flemish,” and its later usage in the sense “Gypsy-like,” especially in reference to a song, dance, and guitar-music style, has inspired a number of hypotheses about why the … Its foundation is in Andalusia in Spain. cos. a style of dancing, characteristic of the Andalusian Gypsies, that is strongly rhythmic and involves vigorous actions, as clapping the hands and stamping the feet. Their centuries-long cultural intermingling produced the unique art form known as flamenco. This technique is unique to flamenco guitar, and doesn’t find a truly comparable counterpart in classical guitar technique. So, what is flamenco? The roots of flamenco spread across the world but the heart is in Andalucia, Spain. Gades in particular, in his collaborations with the filmmaker Carlos Saura, introduced flamenco to an international audience, demonstrating through his ingenious choreographic direction the dimensions of flamenco as an expandable performance art. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Flamenco is a genuine Spanish art form, or to be more exact, a southern Spanish art form. Flamenco dancing is an incredibly emotive dance style, with the dancer always striving to express his or her emotions through movement. A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. The term derives from "duen de casa" (master of the house), which was also related to an elf or goblin-like creature in Spanish and Latin American folklore. The essence of flamenco is cante, or song. Latin American influence appears in later genres such as the rumbas gitanas and the colombianas. And the Moors the dancer is what is flamenco traditional dance and music of music! Its use of foot stamping and hand clapping and encouraging interjections ( jaleo ) from the audience and fellow.! 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